1. Urge Incontinence
This type of incontinence involves a sudden loss of a significant urine amount, followed by an unexpected and strong urge. This urge has the ability to occur at any time which includes during sleep.
People that suffer from urge incontinence are in most cases set-off from minor everyday occurrences like drinking a few sips of liquid, feeling stressed or even the sound of running water. Diabetes can result in urge incontinence in the way of damaging nerves inside the bowel and bladder. This type of nerve damage results in reduced feeling inside the bladder which gives the patient virtually no warnings that they should urinate until the stage that it is too late.
2. An Overactive Bladder
This type of urinary incontinence results in urgent and frequent urination. Similar to Urge Incontinence it is also associated with damaged nerves inside the bladder. This results in the damaged nerves sending out the incorrect signals that result in the muscles the bladder squeezing too frequently and in some cases without warning. Patients who have overactive bladders, won’t always experience leakages like the patients who have Urge Incontinence, yet this is also not uncommon.
3. Functional Incontinence
This form of urinary incontinence involves an inability to reach a toilet in time caused by a physical disability. Diabetes is associated with resulting in disabilities such as diabetic amputation or neuropathy, and peripheral vascular disease which often limits mobility severely.
4. Overflow Incontinence
This type of incontinence occurs when a patient’s bladder is not emptying completely during urination which results in leaking of the excess urine. People who have diabetes for many years will often have bladder muscles that have weakened, which results in an inability to fully empty the bladder. Overflow Incontinence is a lot more common in men than it is in women.
5. Stress Incontinence
This form of incontinence involves losing small urine amounts caused by small movements such as sneezing, coughing or laughing which places pressure on the area of the bladder. The Stress Incontinence condition occurs more in women after they have given birth to a child. In addition, ACE inhibitors for treating diabetes are associated with causing coughing which often results in increasing the likelihood of Stress Incontinence.
Additional Links Between Incontinence And Diabetes
Constipation and obesity are a lot more common in people who suffer from diabetes. Obesity also increases stress and pressure placed on the pelvic muscles which often results in incontinence. Over and above this, around 60% of people with diabetes will experience constipation. In cases where the constipation is severe, it results in pressure on the person’s urinary tract that obstructs the flow of urine that prevents the person from being able to empty their bladder’s completely.
In addition, when a diabetic patient has high sugar levels the body naturally attempts to compensate in the way of producing more urine in order to flush out the excess sugars. When a diabetic is unable to keep their blood sugar under control, the body automatically produces more urine which increases the severity of risks associated with incontinence.
How to Manage Incontinence
There are a variety of ways to manage incontinence depending on the severity and type of incontinence you are enduring.
If you are incontinent and have not yet spoken to your GP about the issue then that is certainly the first requirement, he or she will be able to assess the severity of the problem and advise you on the best course of action.
Here are some other options for you to consider when looking to ensure that incontinence does not rule your life;
Pelvic Floor Exercises
Incontinence can often occur when the pelvic floor becomes weak, this can be as a result of surgery in the pelvic region for both men and women. The exercises are straightforward and can be done at any time of day, they help to strengthen the pelvic floor giving you more control over your bladder and bowel.
Incontinence Pads & Pants
Incontinence products have evolved and are no longer regarded as invasive or uncomfortable to wear. You can now purchase from a range of types, styles and sizes with a choice between washable incontinence pants for men, women and children and disposable varieties including pads, pants and nappies.
Losing weight can certainly have a beneficial effect if you are suffering from incontinence as well as many other symptoms (including diabetes). Food portion sizes, regular exercise and plenty of water and three key areas if you want to lose weight.